Energy efficient intelligent buildings
The increasing need to improve the efficiency of energy usage is pushing towards the design of green, energy efficient buildings eventually leading, to buildings whose net energy consumption is zero. The term green building (also known as green construction or sustainable building) refers both to a structure and to the practice of designing structures that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a building’s life-cycle from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and deconstruction. Today, the design and installation of these complex electronic systems is based on experience from previous designs. Due to the scale and heterogeneity of control systems for large buildings, the design of the control algorithms and communication networks for these systems becomes very challenging and difficult to be carried out manually. In these smart buildings, Wireless (and Wired) Sensor and Actuator Networks (WSANs) determine the observable and controllable variables available to the building manager and have to be systematically designed, located and monitored to achieve effective control, diagnosis and reliability at low installation and maintenance costs.
The power distribution networks are changing from centralized and stationary to mobile and "smart" power distributed networks. The “smart” network is a urgency global priority because relative economic, environmental and social benefits will be dued at the future generations. We propose to use the heterogeneous distributed control systems results for the energy distribution optimization within the smart grid. It is required to use distributerd intelligence And comunication capabilities in other too increase efficiency and reliability of networks for elettricity distribution, mainly while concerning with the power market liberalization. Methodologies, guaranteeing the sistems safety from unauthorized intrusions, are proposed.
The new generation of energy production facilities will have to meet stringent new safety constraints. Mainly concerning with third and fourth generation of nuclear power plants, the security, fault detection and isolation or reconfiguration of the control aspects are of great importance and they require the use of systematic and theoretical methods for the formal validation of management procedures with particular focus on accidents.